What Is Modern Slavery?

Slavery remains a grim reality for millions of people across the world today and there is a strong chance that people living in your neighbourhood are being exploited and controlled by others. It is our perception of 'a slave' that needs to change to catch up with the reality of what being a slave means in the UK in the 21st century.

In Hampshire and the Isle of Wight  35 adults and 5 children, of 13 different nationalities – including British – were recognised as potential victims of trafficking in 2014. Many more are likely to be living in exploitative circumstances by human traffickers but are too afraid to seek help or support from statutory organisations such as the police.

Hampshire and Isle of Wight Modern Slavery Partnership is committed to working with partners to identify victims of slavery, signpost support for these people and eliminate modern slavery in Hampshire and the Isle of Wight altogether.

Types of Modern Slavery

There are many different types of exploitation and areas that are considered high risk – these include, but are not limited to: (roll over the panels and click to explore each area)

Sexual Exploitation

Adult entertainment industry Brothels Hotels Lap/pole dancing clubs Massage Parlours Online streaming Saunas Street based prostitution

Labour Exploitation

Agricultural farms Begging Cannabis farm (domestic house/warehouse) Car wash Care homes Construction industry Catering trade – restaurants/take-aways Distributing charity bags Factories (e.g. fruit picking, chicken factories, etc.) Market stalls/boot sales Nail bars Scrap metal dealers Sea farers Ship crews

Domestic Servitude

Child carers - nanny/au pair Cleaners Maids

EU Status Exploitation

Forced marriage Sham marriage

Forced Criminality

Begging Cannabis cultivation Illegally working Sham marriage Theft

Financial Exploitation

Benefit fraud Pay day loan

Organ Harvesting

Removal of eggs for black market sale Removal of organs for black market sale

Victims of Modern Slavery

Anyone can become a victim of modern slavery – any age, race or gender. Modern slaves are sold like objects, forced to work for little or no pay, live in fear and squalor, have their freedom restricted and are at the mercy of their employers. We can all play a role if we are going to stop modern slavery in the UK.

2,340 people, including unaccompanied children, from 96 different countries were referred to the UK Human Trafficking Centre as a potential victim of trafficking in 2014.

131 of these referrals were UK nationals, making British the sixth-highest nationality referred. The top three nationalities referred in 2014 were Albanian, Nigerian and Vietnamese.

You can find out more about statistics from the NRM 2014 report.

Who are the Perpetrators?

Just like anyone can be a victim, traffickers and slave drivers also do not have a visible profile. However there are some patterns as explained by the Government.

The Government states:

"Traffickers involved in the recruitment phase are often of the same nationality as their victims, but at other stages of the process organised crime groups increasingly use the services available to them, regardless of nationality, in order to maximise profitability."

However, not all modern slavery crime is perpetrated by organised criminal gangs. We know that some perpetrators are opportunistic individuals, who take advantage of the vulnerable. Some modern slavery crime is carried out through informal arrangements by individuals known to, and in some cases related to, the victim. This is particularly true of those who subject victims to domestic servitude. As the 2013 NCA Strategic Assessment highlights, domestic servitude victims continue to be brought to the UK by their families or friends of their families with the promise of a better life.

Methods of Control

Human traffickers and slave drivers use many methods of control to keep victims dependent so they can exploit them.

Control can be through giving false promises (offers of pay, job, perks), withholding of passport/ID documentation, drugs and alcohol dependency, restricting contact with outside world (from family, basic services), emotional abuse, physical abuse or threat of violence or death. This list is by no means definitive and there are many more methods of control used.

If you suspect someone is being controlled by another and may potentially be a modern slave then report it right away.

How to Spot the Signs

Be aware that slavery may exist in your neighbourhood, in your business, in your community, and in your county. Those trapped within slavery may attend the same school as your children, they may be cooking your food at the local restaurant, they may be painting your nails at the local nail bar, or they may be packing the fruit you eat. It is everyone's responsibility to look for slavery and report any suspicions or incidents – working together, we can stop it happening.

You can learn more about how to spot the signs of modern slavery at these websites:

Stop The Traffik
Modern Slavery UK